Roof rats are pests. Once they invade your home, they are not easy to get rid of. That being said, the best offense is a good defense. Use these tips to prevent a rat infestation from ever happening!
1.) Seal up your home.
Roof Rats can come into the home from anywhere, but they generally enter from the roof. Seal up holes with steel. Steel wool, steel plating, and steel mesh sealed with heavy duty caulking work best. Check the areas surrounding your ducting, chimney, ventilation, cooling, and roof work. Examine the siding and base of the house for any possible gaps that lead into the home. Front doors, back doors, pet doors, and garage doors can also be a point of entry. Verify that none of these doors have gaps in the corners or sides. Keep these doors shut whenever possible. Install screens on all windows.
2.) Maintain outdoor spaces. Keep up the curb appeal.
Pick up trash and litter in your yard. Keep your grass cut short. Use a tight sealing lid on your trash, and empty it often. If you have fruit trees, pick up excess fruit off the ground and harvest ripe fruit quickly. Thin out trees and bushes. If you can see through them, Roof Rats cannot hide inside them. It’s particularly important that tree branches be cut back at least 3 feet from other trees and rooflines. Roof Rats are excellent climbers and jumpers so make access to the roof difficult.
3.) Check for food sources. Don’t feed roof rats!
If you have an irrigation or sprinkler system, check to see if there are any leaks. Roof Rats will drink from any available water source. This includes pet bowl water. If you keep pet bowls outside, be certain to only give your pet what you know they will consume in one day. Roof Rats eat all varieties of pet food, animal feed, bird seed, and they drink from bird baths. Find a way to make access to birdbaths and bird feeders difficult, or consider eliminating them altogether.